Getting Around in GIMP - New Layer

Layers are really key to just about any workflow in GIMP. To help illustrate the concepts I am going to talk about, I've put together a quick screencast using Wink to show some steps of creating a new layer from scratch (please let me know if there is a problem viewing the screencast, it's my first time trying this).

The previous tutorial just covering the interface can be found here.
The list of all my GIMP tutorials can be found here.

One of the main things to remember when working with layers is that they will affect other layers from the top down in your layer list. I haven't mentioned layer blending modes yet, but for layers with a "Normal" blending mode (the default) this means that the top most layer that is visible is what you will see in your image window (see video).

Creating a new layer from scratch is quite simple. There is a "Create New Layer" button along the bottom of the top half of the Layers window. You will then get a "Create a New Layer" dialog that allows you to choose:
  1. Layer Name

    Whatever you want to call this layer

  2. Width & Height

    Dimensions for this new layer (default is the current image dimensions).

  3. Layer Fill Type

    You can have the layer automatically filled with either the foreground or background color, white, or start it as a transparent layer.

This new layer will then be created above the currently active layer in your list. Speaking of "active layer"...

Active Layer

The current active layer will have a white border around it in your layer list. This is important because it means that anything you do to the image will be applied to that active layer. If you activate a layer below another visible one, you may not see any changes you try to apply appear in your image window!

Look closely at the image above: the "Background" layer is active (white border), but there is another layer "New Layer" that is above it and visible. If you tried to paint or adjust the "Background" layer right now, you wouldn't see any of the changes (in fact, you'd just see a black screen in your image window).

To activate a layer, just click on it in your Layer Window list.


You can toggle the visibility of each layer on/off by using the Eye icon to the left of the layer image. This will only affect the layer visibility in your main image window.

Very often I will use the layer visibility toggle to either compare a current layer to a previous one, or to show/hide the effects of a new layer on the ones below it (in the case of using a different blending mode or layer masks - which I will talk about shortly).


  1. Thanks for your tutorials, Pat. I'm a GIMP noob and there is sooo much to learn.